The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a minimally invasive pixel-CO2 laser procedure for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). This was a prospective, open-label study with a cohort of 59 women. Patients were treated intravaginally with a fractional/pixel CO2 laser every 4-6 weeks for a total of three treatments and assessed at 3, 6, and 12 months. Evaluation tools included a Sandvik severity score based on a validated questionnaire, 1-h pad test, vaginal health index score (VHIS), validated female sexual function index (FSFI), patient's impression of disease severity (PGI-S), global impression of improvement (PGI-I), and the short-term pelvic floor impact questionnaire (PFIQ-7) to assess improvements in quality of life. Reduction in SUI severity was noticed throughout the duration of the study, as compared to the baseline in which 2% of the patients were defined as "slight," 73% "moderate," and 25% "severe." Gradual improvement of symptoms resulted in redistribution of severity score and the best outcome observed between 3 and 6 months. Sanitary pad weight declined from an average of 35.45 g per day at baseline to 12.47 g at the 3rd treatment, and increased to 23.06 g at 12 months. Vaginal acidity changes showed a similar pattern. No serious adverse events were reported. Pixel-CO2 laser is safe and effective for treating SUI. Additional maintenance treatments should be considered during the 6-12-month post-treatment period in order to maintain the beneficial effects. Pixel-CO2 laser is a safe and effective treatment for SUI. Maintenance treatments should be considered at 6-12 months.
Lasers in medical science. 2021 Aug 12 [Epub ahead of print]
Agnieszka Aleksandra Nalewczynska, Michael Barwijuk, Piotr Kolczewski, Ewa Dmoch-Gajzlerska
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Didactics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, 14/16 Litewska Street, 00-575, Warsaw, Poland. ., Medifem Clinic, 488th Pulawska Street, 02-884, Warsaw, Poland., Esthegyn Clinic, 7th Mazurska Street, 71-899, Szczecin, Poland., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Didactics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, 14/16 Litewska Street, 00-575, Warsaw, Poland.