The objective was to identify incidence and risk factors of de novo urgency and detrusor overactivity (DO) following mid-urethral slings (MUS) in patients with urodynamic stress incontinence (USI) without urgency.
A total of 688 women between January 2004 and July 2017 were reviewed retrospectively. De novo urgency was established with a positive response to question 2 on the Urogenital Distress Inventory-6 questionnaire (UDI-6). Objective cure of USI is no involuntary urine leakage during filling cystometry and pad test < 2 g. Subjective cure of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is defined as a negative response to question 3 on UDI-6. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify risk factors for failure.
Forty-four out of 688 women (6.4%) developed de novo urgency, with 16 out of 688 (2.3%) demonstrating de novo DO. Subjective cure for women with de novo urgency was significantly lower at 35 out of 44 (79.5%) compared with 556 out of 644 (86.3%) in those with no urgency (p < 0.001). Objective cure for women with de novo DO was significantly lower at 8 out of 16 (50%) compared with 599 out of 672 (89.1%) in those with detrusor stability (p < 0.001). Quality of life improved for all. Age ≥ 66 (OR, 1.23; 1.07), increased bladder sensation (OR, 4.18; 3.80), lower bladder capacity (OR, 5.28; 4.97), lower maximum urethral closure pressure (OR, 2.32; 5.20), and pad test > 100 g (OR, 1.08; 1.15) were independent risk factors for de novo urgency and DO. Diabetes (OR, 1.32) was an independent predictor of de novo urgency.
Cure is significantly reduced in women who report symptoms of de novo urgency or demonstrate DO after MUS at 1 year. Independent risk factors include age ≥ 66, increased bladder sensation, lower bladder capacity, lower maximum urethral closure pressure, greater pad loss, and diabetes.
International urogynecology journal. 2021 Jul 22 [Epub ahead of print]
Tsia-Shu Lo, Kai Lyn Ng, Yi-Hao Lin, Wu-Chiao Hsieh, Ting-Xuan Huang, Yu-Hua Shen
Division of Urogynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Linkou, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Medical Center, 5, Fu-Hsin Street, Kwei-shan, Tao-Yuan City, Taiwan, 333, Republic of China. ., Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, National University Hospital of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore., Division of Urogynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Linkou, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Medical Center, 5, Fu-Hsin Street, Kwei-shan, Tao-Yuan City, Taiwan, 333, Republic of China., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung Medical Center, Keelung, Taiwan, Republic of China.