To verify which one improves better stress urinary incontinence (SUI) symptoms: abdominal hypopressive technique (AHT) or pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT).
Randomized controlled trial. Women with SUI who had not participated of physiotherapy program before were invited. The outcome measures were 7-day bladder diary, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF) and pelvic floor muscles (PFM) function measured by Modified Oxford grading System with vaginal palpation and manometry with Peritron. Intervention consisted by 12 weeks of exercises program including PFMT or AHT program, in groups of maximum three women, twice a week, with physiotherapist supervision.
AHT and PFMT groups reduced urinary leakage episodes in 7 days, -0.64 and -1.91, respectively, but PFMT was superior, whit mean difference -1.27 (95% confidence interval [CI]: -1.92 to -0,62) and effect size was 0.94 in favor to PFMT. Regarding to total score of ICIQ-SF, both groups improved, with mean difference between groups -4.7 (95% CI: -6.90 to -2.50) and effect size was 1.04 in favor to PFMT. Manometry also presented improvement after treatment for both groups with mean difference between them of 11 (95% CI: 6.33-15.67) and effect size was 1.15 also in favor to PFMT.
Regarding to SUI symptoms, quality of life impact and PFM function both groups presented improvement, however, PFMT was superior to AHT among all of them.
Neurourology and urodynamics. 2020 Aug 19 [Epub ahead of print]
Luciene A Jose-Vaz, Carine L Andrade, Laura C Cardoso, Bruno T Bernardes, Vanessa S Pereira-Baldon, Ana Paula M Resende
Physiotherapy Department, Federal University of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil., Gynecology and Obstetrics Department, Urogynaecology Ambulatory Unit, Federal University of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil.