Surgery for recurrent stress urinary incontinence: the views of surgeons and women.

The objectives were to explore the views of women with recurrent stress incontinence (SUI) with regard to treatment preferences and the acceptability of randomisation to a future trial, and to survey the views of UK specialists on treatment preferences and equipoise regarding different treatment alternatives.

An online survey of the British Society of Urogynaecology (BSUG) and British Society of Urological Surgeons (BAUS) was carried out. Qualitative semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of surgeons and women suffering from recurrent SUI from three UK centres.

Two hundred fifty-six survey replies were received (176 gynaecology; 80 urology). Comparing the treatments offered, urogynaecologists were more likely to offer pelvic floor exercises (p < 0.05), and repeat midurethral tape (MUT) (p < 0.001). From the Surgical Equipoise Scale (SES) responses, "no preference" was rarely the commonest response. Marked differences for several options existed; midurethral tape dominated responses whenever it appeared. Twenty-one clinicians were interviewed. Treatment preferences were complex, influenced by a range of factors (reason for failure, patient comorbidity, investigations, personal experience, training). A future trial was regarded as important. Eleven women were interviewed. Most had considered more than one option, but felt that decision-making was more a process of elimination rather than a positive process. Randomisation to a study was regarded as unacceptable by most.

No consensus exists among surgeons about preferred treatment options for recurrent SUI, and personal experience and training dominate decision-making. For patients, choices were usually based on an elimination of options, including that of a repeat failed procedure. This contrasts with surgeons, who mostly preferred a repeat MUT above other options. Any future comparative study will be challenging.

International urogynecology journal. 2017 Jun 02 [Epub]

Douglas G Tincello, Natalie Armstrong, Paul Hilton, Brian Buckley, Christopher Mayne

Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Centre for Medicine, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK. ., Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Centre for Medicine, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK., Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle, UK., Department of General Practice, School of Medicine, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland., University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, UK.