Will future doctors know enough about stress urinary incontinence to provide proper preventive measures and treatment?

Background: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is an embarrassing condition, which is one of the last taboos in modern medicine. The study aim was an attempt to assess medical students' knowledge of female stress urinary incontinence. Methods: The study involved 432 students of the Medical Department at the Medical University of Silesia in Katowice. Participants answered open-ended questions about: risk factors, prevention, diagnostic tests, conservative and surgical treatment in stress urinary incontinence.Results: The obtained results indicated that female students know more about SUI than male students. Women - more often than men - could provide the definition of SUI (p < 0.01); additionally, they more frequently indicated prevention methods (p < 0.01), diagnostic testing (p < 0.001) and conservative methods of treatment (p < 0.001). Not all the respondents were able to properly define stress urinary incontinence. Risk factors were known to most of the respondents but only half of them were aware of surgical treatment and prevention methods. Even fewer answered questions about conservative treatment and diagnostic tests correctly.Conclusions: We conclude that the knowledge of medical undergraduates who took part in the survey was not satisfactory. Most of the students were able to define properly the disease and point out risk factors. However, several steps should be taken to make stress urinary incontinence a disease much more known to medical students.Abbreviations: SUI: Stress urinary incontinence; Group F: Females Group; Group M: Males Group; TVT: Tension Free Vaginal Tape; TOT: Transobturator Tape.

Medical education online. 2019 Dec [Epub]

Joanna Witkoś, Magdalena Hartman-Petrycka

Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow University, Krakow, Poland., Department of Basic Biomedical Science, School of Pharmacy with the Division of Laboratory Medicine in Sosnowiec, The Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Katowice, Poland.

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