The role of urodynamics in the management of female stress urinary incontinence.

The role of urodynamic study (UDS) in the management of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is one of the most controversial and debated topic in urogynecology. Here, we aimed to systematically assess the most relevant available evidence on urodynamics' value in the management of women with stress urinary incontinence.

A systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement was performed in May 2018. Only randomized clinical trials, prospective studies, or retrospective studies articles evaluating the use of urodynamic studies in women with stress urinary incontinence were included.

After screening a total of 3055 records, 39 studies published from 1996 to 2018 were included.

In an uncomplicated population of women with SUI, it is not demonstrated that preoperative urodynamic evaluation can improve the outcome of continence surgery; however, UDS provides additional information regarding lower urinary tract function that could guide the physician to make the right therapeutic choice. UDS should be considered mandatory before surgery in complicated patients, but its use should also be evaluated in index patients when the results may help counseling and management of these women.

Neurourology and urodynamics. 2019 May 02 [Epub ahead of print]

Maurizio Serati, Andrea Braga, Marco Torella, Marco Soligo, Enrico Finazzi-Agro

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy., Depaerment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, EOC-Beata Vergine Hospital, Mendrisio, Swiss., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Child and General and Specialized Surgery-Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy., Department of Women, Mothers and Neonates, Buzzi Children's Hospital, ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, University of Milan, Milan, Italy., Department of Experimental Medicine and Surgery, Unit for Functional Urology, Tor Vergata University Hospital, Rome, Italy.