Postprostatectomy vesicourethral anastomotic stenosis (VUAS) remains a challenging problem for both patient and urologist. Improved surgical techniques and perioperative identification and treatment of risk factors has led to a decline over the last several decades. High-level evidence to guide management is lacking, primarily relying on small retrospective studies and expert opinion. Endourologic therapies, including dilation and transurethral incision or resection with or without adjunct injection of scar modulators is considered first-line management. Recalcitrant VUAS requires surgical reconstruction of the vesicourethral anastomosis, and in poor surgical candidates, a chronic indwelling catheter or urinary diversion may be the only option. This review provides an update in the diagnosis and management of postprostatectomy VUAS.
Therapeutic advances in urology. 2017 Apr 11*** epublish ***
Nicholas R Rocco, Jack M Zuckerman
Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA., Naval Medical Center San Diego, 34800 Bob Wilson Drive, San Diego, CA 92134, USA.