To examine association between post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI) severity and weight changes before and after restoration of continence via artificial urinary sphincter (AUS).
Single surgeon, retrospective review of urologic prosthetic surgery (UPS) after radical prostatectomy (RP). A cohort of post-RP inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) patients served as a surgical control. Body Mass Index (BMI) and total body weight were assessed pre and post-UPS. Multivariable linear regression was utilized to assess BMI changes post-UPS.
187 AUS and 63 IPP patients met selection criteria. Greater PPI severity was associated with faster BMI gain after RP (coeff. 0.14 kg/m2, p=0.03, per pad used) and magnitude of incontinence improvement (mean reduction in daily pad use) after AUS insertion was associated with greater BMI reduction at 12 months post-UPS (coeff. - 0.13 kg/m2, p=0.04). On multivariable regression, AUS insertion was associated with a decrease in BMI by - 2.83 kg/m2 12 months post-UPS (p=0.02). Twelve months post-UPS, men with AUS exhibited a mean BMI reduction of -1.0 kg/m2 compared to a mean BMI increase in the IPP cohort of 0.4 kg/m2 (p < 0.01). Compared to IPP, AUS patients experienced absolute body weight reduction by 6 kg [Median(IQR): 90.4 (80.3- 100.1) vs. 96.4 (87.1- 108.8) kg, p = 0.03], with nearly one-third having clinically significant weight loss (>5% body weight) at 12 months post-UPS (31.8% vs 8.3%, p < 0.01).
Severe PPI appears to be associated with weight gain and correction of PPI via AUS insertion with weight loss.
Urology. 2021 Aug 29 [Epub ahead of print]
Raj R Bhanvadia, Benjamin M Dropkin, Avery R Wolfe, Linley Diao, Sarah C Sanders, Gregory A Joice, Claus G Roehrborn, Steven J Hudak, Allen F Morey
Department of Urology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX., Department of Urology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX. Electronic address: .