The Effect of Pelvic Floor Muscle Strengthening Exercise on Urinary Incontinence and Quality of Life in Patients after Prostatectomy: a Randomized Clinical Trial.

Introduction: Urinary incontinence is a common problem after Prostatectomy that affects patients' life. Nurses can assist patients in improving urinary problems. This study aimed to assess the effects of pelvic floor muscle exercises on urinary incontinence and the quality of life in patients after Prostatectomy. Methods: This randomized clinical trial was performed on 60 patients with suprapubic prostatectomy and urinary incontinence who had referred to urology department of Vali-e-Asr Hospital in Tehran. The subjects were selected and randomly divided into control and intervention groups. The control and intervention groups received standard care and pelvic floor muscles exercises after surgery, respectively. The data were gathered in the course of seven days; one, two and three months after surgery, using three questionnaires and a check list for the evaluation of urinary incontinence and assessing Quality of Life. The data were then analyzed, using SPSS ver.13, and statistical tests such as t-test, ANOVA and Chi- square. Results: The quality of life and urinary incontinence score before intervention were not significant between two groups. The findings showed that there was a statistically significant difference between two groups in the average scores of urinary incontinence and the quality of life after intervention. Conclusion: Pelvic muscles exercises reduced urinary incontinence and enhanced quality of life. It's recommended as a non-pharmacologic, non-invasive way to control urinary incontinence. Patients with adequate cognitive and mental abilities can easily be trained on pelvic floor muscle exercises.

Journal of caring sciences. 2020 Mar 01*** epublish ***

Seyedeh Fatemeh Jalalinia, Majid Raei, Vahid Naseri-Salahshour, Shokoh Varaei

Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran., Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.