One-year follow-up of women who participated in a physiotherapy and health education program before and after obstetric fistula surgery - Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the positive impact of a program of physiotherapy and health education on the outcome of obstetric fistula surgery was maintained after 1year.

METHODS: The present follow-up analysis included 108 women who underwent obstetric fistula surgery at a center in Tanguiéta, Benin, between March 2011 and March 2012, and who had received a structured program of physiotherapy and health education before and after surgery. After discharge, follow-up visits were made 3, 6, and 12months after surgery. The Ditrovie scale was used to measure quality of life (QoL), and continence and performance of the physiotherapy exercises were assessed.

RESULTS: Mean QoL score was 36.9 (range 16.0-49.0) before surgery. Overall, 84 women were followed up for 1year. Their mean QoL score had improved significantly to 18.5 (range 10.0-47.0; P< 0.001). Between hospital discharge and 1year, the number of women with a closed fistula increased from 48 (57.1%) to 53 (63.1%) and the number with urinary stress incontinence reduced from 11 (13.1%) to 9 (10.7%).

CONCLUSION: Results obtained after surgery and physiotherapy were maintained at 1year, and QoL had improved significantly. When women are encouraged to continue exercises, improvements are also seen in residual stress incontinence.

Written by:
Castille YJ, Avocetien C, Zaongo D, Colas JM, Peabody JO, Rochat CH.   Are you the author?
Rehabilitation Department, Cliniques Universitaires St Luc, Brussels, Belgium; Rehabilitation Department, Hôpital St Jean de Dieu, Tanguiéta, Benin; Gynecology Department, Hôpital St Jean de Dieu, Tanguiéta, Benin; Urology Department, Polyclinique du Parc, Dole, France; Vattikui Urology Institute, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA; Urology Department, Clinique Générale Beaulieu, Geneva, Switzerland; Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.  

Reference: Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2014 Dec 3. pii: S0020-7292(14)00596-7.
doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2014.09.028

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25497882 Trauma & Reconstruction Section