Benefits and risks of orthotopic neobladder reconstruction in female patients - Abstract

Klinik für Urologie, Universitätsklinikum Tübingen, Tübingen.


Orthotopic neobladder reconstruction is an established treatment option in female patients undergoing radical cystectomy for invasive bladder cancer. Long-term results have proven its oncological safety and functional efficacy in both organ-confined and locally advanced disease. The use of nerve-sparing procedures has the potential to further improve the functional results in terms of postoperative continence and sexual function as long as we adhere to basic oncological principles. One important contraindication for performing neobladder reconstruction in female patients with bladder cancer is a positive urethral margin at radical cystectomy. In this respect, frozen section analysis is associated with a high sensitivity and specificity for the detection of positive urethral margins. The risk of urethral recurrence at 5 years in patients with negative urethral margins at cystectomy is ≤ 1 % and may become clinically apparent as inguinal lymphadenopathy due to changes of the lymphatic drainge after neobladder reconstruction. The 5-year recurrence-free survival after neobladder reconstruction in female patients with organ-confined bladder cancer ranges between 63 and 75 %. In female patients with locally advanced node-negative disease (≥ pT3a-4a, pN0) who underwent an orthotopic neobladder the recurrence free survival at 5 years is 71 % and so does not significantly differ from that of female patients with node-positive disease treated with an cutaneous diversion. Whether robotic cystectomy has the potential to further improve the functional outcome after neobladder reconstruction in female patients and achieve oncological long-term results comparable to those of open series is still under investigation should further be evaluated in prospective trials.

Article in German.

Written by:
Gakis G, Jentzmik F, Schrader M, Stenzl A, Sievert KD.   Are you the author?

Reference: Aktuelle Urol. 2011 Mar;42(2):109-114.
doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1271413

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 21437834 Bladder Cancer Section