Predictors of persistent overactive bladder following surgery for advanced pelvic organ prolapse.

Reliable risk factors for persistent urgency following pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery are still unclear. We aimed to identify preoperative parameters related to persistent postoperative urgency in a cohort of women following surgery for POP stage 3-4 with concomitant overactive bladder (OAB).

In this retrospective analysis, women with POP stage 3-4 and OAB who underwent POP repair during November 2012-December 2020 were included. Preoperative evaluation included history, Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q), multi-channel urodynamic studies and Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20). Surgical procedures included: anterior and posterior colporrhaphy, sacrospinous ligament suspension, anterior vaginal wall mesh repair and robotic-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. At the 12-month follow-up, urogynecological history, POP-Q evaluation, cough stress test and the PFDI-20 questionnaire were repeated.

One hundred seventy-three patients were included in the analysis. Resolution of urgency was observed in 56% of women. Variables associated with persistent postoperative urgency included body mass index (BMI) (27 kg/m2 vs 25.7 kg/m2, p = 0.04), preoperative increased daytime frequency (46.39% vs 61.84%, p = 0.05), urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) (51.46% vs 80.26%, p = 0.0001), detrusor overactivity (DO) (40.2% vs 61.84%, p = 0.009) and lower maximum flow rate on UDS (13.9 ml/s vs 15 ml/s, p = 0.04). Multivariate analysis confirmed preoperative DO (OR: 12.2 [95% CI: 1.4-16.6]; p = 0.01), preoperative UUI (OR 3.8 [95% CI: 1.3-11.0]; p = 0.008) and BMI > 25 kg/m2 (OR 1.8 [95% CI: 1.1-7.2]; p = 0.04) as predictive factor for persistent urgency.

In women with advanced POP and OAB, being overweight, preoperative UUI and DO are related to persistent postoperative urgency. These findings will guide our future preoperative counseling and reinforce the role of UDS in POP management.

International urogynecology journal. 2022 Jul 30 [Epub ahead of print]

Anna Padoa, Eyal Levy, Tal Fligelman, Roni Tomashev-Dinkovich, Anna Tsviban, Maurizio Serati

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shamir Assaf Harofe Medical Center, Tsrifin, Israel. ., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa, Israel., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shamir Assaf Harofe Medical Center, Tsrifin, Israel., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy.

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