Primary care diagnostic and treatment pathways in Dutch women with urinary incontinence.

To investigate how GPs manage women with urinary incontinence (UI) in the Netherlands and to assess whether this is in line with the relevant Dutch GP guideline. Because UI has been an underreported and undertreated problem for decades despite appropriate guidelines being created for general practitioners (GPs).

Retrospective cohort study.

Routine primary care data for 2017 in the Netherlands.

We included the primary care records of women aged 18-75 years with at least one contact registered for UI, and then extracted information about baseline characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, and referral to pelvic physiotherapy or secondary care.

In total, 374 records were included for women aged 50.3 ± 15.1 years. GPs diagnosed 31.0%, 15.2%, and 15.0% women with stress, urgency, or mixed UI, respectively; no diagnosis of type was recorded in 40.4% of women. Urinalysis was the most frequently used diagnostic test (42.5%). Education was the most common treatment, offered by 17.9% of GPs; however, no treatment or referral was reported in 15.8% of cases. As many as 28.7% and 21.7% of women were referred to pelvic physiotherapy and secondary care, respectively.

Female UI is most probably not managed in line with the relevant Dutch GP guideline. It is also notable that Dutch GPs often fail to report the type of UI, to use available diagnostic approaches, and to provide appropriate education. Moreover, GPs referred to specialists too often, especially for the management of urgency UI.Key pointsUrinary incontinence (UI) has been an underreported and undertreated problem for decades. Despite various guidelines, UI often lies outside the GPs comfort zone.•According to this study: general practitioners do not treat urinary incontinence according to guidelines.•The type of incontinence is frequently not reported and diagnostic approaches are not fully used.•We believe that increased awareness will help improve treatment and avoidable suffering.

Scandinavian journal of primary health care. 2022 Feb 18 [Epub ahead of print]

Miranda C Schreuder, Nadine A M van Merode, Antal P Oldenhof, Feikje Groenhof, Marlous F Kortekaas, Hedy Maagdenberg, Johannes C van der Wouden, Henk van der Worp, Marco H Blanker

Department of General Practice and Elderly Care medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands., Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands., National Health Care Institute, Diemen, The Netherlands., Department of General Practice, Amsterdam University Medical Center, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute Amsterdam, The Netherlands.