The aim of the study was to assess safety and long term efficacy as well as short and long term complications of vaginal prolapse mesh repair using single incision trocar-less system while preserving the uterus.
A single-center, retrospective cohort study including all patients who underwent vaginal prolapse mesh repaier surgery with EndoFast Reliant™ kit between October 2010 and January 2015. Outcomes included anatomical changes (POP-Q), overactive bladder symptoms (OAB) stress urinary incontinence (SUI), sexual function and constipation as well as the rate of surgical failure, immediate and long-term complications.
239 women, with an average follow-up period of 1.7 years (range: 6 weeks to 7 years), were included. Uterus was preserved in 87 % of patients (184 out of 211 patients with intact uterus) and concurrent surgery for SUI was performed in 46 %. POP-Q significantly improved as well as OAB and SUI symptoms and remained without significant change during follow-up period. In 11 patients (4.6 %) a new/recurrent prolapse was observed during the follow up period. Immediate complications occurred in 4 patients. One case of bladder perforation, one case of mesh contamination, 2 cases of urinary retention, one of them permanent. Late complications included mesh erosion, de novo dyspareunia, cervical elongation and de-novo SUI, and were observed in 38 cases (16 %). Surgical intervention was required in 20 (8.4 %) cases; 10 cases of de-novo SUI, 2 cases of partial mesh removal because of dyspareunia, 1 case of mid urethral sling removal because of erosion and 7 cases of cervical amputation.
Repair of prolapse with vaginal trocar-less mesh kit while preserving the uterus for the majoroty of women, is a relatively safe and effective surgery,with a low incidence of complications and re-operation rate which was mainly for de novo SUI or elongation of cervix. Randomiesed prospective long term studies are neaded to establish the results.
European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology. 2021 Jan 06 [Epub]
Rachel Zangen, Inbar Ben Shachar, Naama Marcus
Obstetrics and Gynecology department, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon, Israel., Obstetrics and Gynecology department, Ziv Medical Center, Safed, Israel; The AzrieliFaculty of Medicine, Bar-Ilan University, Safed, Israel., Obstetrics and Gynecology department, Ziv Medical Center, Safed, Israel; The AzrieliFaculty of Medicine, Bar-Ilan University, Safed, Israel. Electronic address: .