Presurgical bladder wall thickness is a useful marker to predict the postsurgical improvement of symptoms in patients with pelvic organ prolapse-related overactive bladder.

Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a cause of overactive bladder (OAB), and transvaginal mesh (TVM) surgery can improve the symptoms. Bladder wall thickness (BWT) is a useful and safe marker to evaluate bladder function in urinary disorders. The main purpose of this study is to clarify the relationship between BWT and changes in the OAB symptom score (OABSS) after TVM operation in patients with POP.

BWT was measured by ultrasonography before and 6 months after surgery at three sites in the bladder: the anterior wall, trigone, and dome. Similarly, the OABSS was evaluated at the time of BWT measurement. Changes induced in BWT at each site and the mean BWT at all sites after TVM surgery were analyzed. Similarly, the relationship between presurgical BWT and the decrease in OABSS was investigated.

TVM surgery improved OABSS in 30 patients (responders; 73.2%), while 11 patients were judged as nonresponders (26.8%). BWT at the anterior bladder wall and dome as well as the mean BWT at all three sites were significantly decreased by TVM surgery (P < .001). Similar trends were identified in OABSS responders; however, all markers showed no significant changes in OABSS nonresponders. All the BWT-related markers before surgery were significantly lower in OABSS responders than in OABSS nonresponders.

BWT at the bladder anterior wall and dome, but not the trigone, were decreased by TVM surgery. We conclude that presurgical BWT may be a useful marker to predict the improvement in OAB symptoms by TVM surgery in patients with POP-related OAB.

Lower urinary tract symptoms. 2021 Feb 12 [Epub ahead of print]

Asato Otsubo, Tomohiro Matsuo, Yasuyoshi Miyata, Yuta Mukae, Kensuke Mitsunari, Kojiro Ohba, Hideki Sakai

Department of Urology, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan.

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