The aim of the study was to evaluate hysterectomized and non-hysterectomized patients with prolapse and incontinence. Laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy (LSHP) and minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy (LMSCP) were done in combination with transobturator tape (TOT) and native tissue repair of the anterior and posterior vaginal compartments in patients with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and occult, stress, or urinary incontinence (SUI). The hypothesis is that both methods are successful.
A total of 81 patients with POP were evaluated: 44 had vaginal vault prolapse (POPQ points Ba, C, and Bp were 1.2, 2.6, and 0.4, respectively) and 37 had uterine prolapse (POPQ points Ba, C, and Bp were 1.8, 1.7, and 1.3, respectively). LMSCP (which means less dissection of the vagina in its upper third and avoiding possible collision with the ureters anteriorly or the rectum posteriorly) was performed in patients with vault prolapse, whereas patients with uterine prolapse underwent LSHP. Transobturator tape (TOT) was placed in all patients to treat symptomatic and occult urinary incontinence. Systematic anterior and posterior colporrhaphy was performed in both groups.
Both groups showed anatomic (p < 0.0001) and symptomatic improvement (p < 0.001-p < 0.05). Voiding was significantly improved after surgery without postoperative incontinence (p < 0.001). There was no significant difference between groups regarding duration of surgery (p = 0.06), hospital stay (p = 0.13), blood loss (0.83), Clavien-Dindo grade 3 (p = 0.87), and Clavien-Dindo grade 1-2 (p = 0.92) complications.
Minimally invasive LSCP or LSHP combined with TOT and native tissue repair of the anterior and posterior vaginal compartment is a successful treatment for POP.
International urogynecology journal. 2020 Sep 08 [Epub ahead of print]
Ivan Ignjatovic, Milan Potic, Dragoslav Basic, Ljubomir Dinic, Aleksandar Skakic
Clinic of Urology, Clinical Center Nis, Bulevar Zorana Djindjica 48, Nis, Serbia. ., Clinic of Urology, Clinical Center Nis, Bulevar Zorana Djindjica 48, Nis, Serbia.