INTRODUCTION - Several studies have indicated that erectile dysfunction (ED) patients also suffer from lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). We investigated a group of men with LUTS and assessed their sexual function with the aim of being able to predict ED risk factors and introduce ED treatments earlier for this patient group.
METHODS - International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), Overactive Bladder Symptoms Score (OABSS) and Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) score were obtained from 236 men with LUTS at their first out-patients visit. Clinical parameters such as body mass index, prostate volume, residual urine volume and prostate specific antigen were also evaluated. The relationship between the SHIM score and other clinical data was analyzed.
RESULTS - According to the SHIM score, ED in men with LUTS was severe 15%, moderate 19%, moderate to mild 28%, mild 17%, normal 7% and data was incomplete in 14%. Based on the results of a multivariate analysis, aging (p < 0. 001) and OAB severity (p = 0. 024) were significantly correlated to severe and moderate ED. Furthermore, among OAB symptoms score items, urge urinary incontinence was a risk factor for severe and moderate ED (p = 0. 005).
CONCLUSION - Aging and OAB (notably urinary urge incontinence) are risk factors for severe and moderate ED in men with LUTS.
The aging male : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male. 2015 Nov 09 [Epub ahead of print]
Toshiyasu Amano, Carolyn Earle, Tetsuya Imao, Katsuro Takemae
a Department of Urology , Nagano Red Cross Hospital , Nagano , Japan and. , b Private Practice , Nedlands, Western Australia , Australia. , a Department of Urology , Nagano Red Cross Hospital , Nagano , Japan and. , a Department of Urology , Nagano Red Cross Hospital , Nagano , Japan and.