Impact of intravesical onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) on sexual function in patients with overactive bladder syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

The association between overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome and sexual dysfunction is well documented. Intra-detrusor onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) has proven to be effective treatment for OAB syndrome. Our aim was to examine the impact of intravesical Botox injection on sexual function in patients with OAB, by systematically reviewing the literature.

We reviewed the literature for studies that reported a change in sexual function after Botox treatment in patients suffering from OAB. This review was conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement using pre-agreed keywords, from database inception to December 2020. Statistical analyses were performed using Review Manager (RevMan; v.5.4).

Initial results yielded 455 citations. Seven articles met our inclusion criteria. One article was double-reported, leaving 6 studies in the systematic review. Three observational before-and-after studies used the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) with sufficient information, and therefore were included in our meta-analysis. The pooled number of participants in all studies was 119 patients. In the meta-analysis, there was significant improvement in the following domains of the FSFI after Botox injection; desire (mean difference (MD) -0.51, p = 0.02), arousal (MD -0.86, p = 0.02), lubrication (MD -0.57, p = 0.03), orgasm (MD -0.65, p = 0.0003) and satisfaction (MD -0.46, p = 0.05). Pain was the only domain that did not show improvement (MD -0.07, p = 0.79). The total FSFI score was reported in 88 patients (two studies) showing significant improvement (MD -0.77, p = 0.006).

We report a systematic review of the effect of Botox treatment on sexual function in patients with OAB. Although studies are small, the results indicate a positive effect in patients with OAB.

International urogynecology journal. 2022 Jan 13 [Epub ahead of print]

Sami Shawer, Aethele Khunda, Gareth J Waring, Paul Ballard

NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, Glasgow, UK. ., South Tees Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Middlesbrough, UK., Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

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