Post-prostatectomy overactive bladder (OAB) is a common and challenging condition to manage. The aim of the present report was to review the recent evidences regarding OAB symptoms that develop in men after prostatectomy and how to manage them.
The prevalence of OAB after radical prostatectomy may range from 15.2 to 37.8%. Recent studies have highlighted the role of the urethrogenic mechanism (facilitation of the urethrovesical reflex due to stress urinary incontinence (SUI)) in the genesis of post-prostatectomy OAB in a significant proportion of patients. Several other pathophysiological factors such as iatrogenic decentralization of the bladder, defunctionalized bladder due to severe SUI, detrusor underactivity, or bladder outlet obstruction might be involved. The evaluation should aim to identify the underlying mechanism to tailor the treatment, which could range from SUI surgery, to fixing a urethral stricture, improving bladder emptying or using the conventional spectrum of OAB therapies. There is a paucity of data for OAB therapies specific to post-prostatectomy patients, with the exception of solifenacin, tolterodine, and botulinum toxin. There is currently no data on how preoperative management or surgical technique may prevent post-prostatectomy OAB.
Current urology reports. 2018 Oct 10*** epublish ***
Benoit Peyronnet, Benjamin M Brucker
Department of Urology, University of Rennes, Service d'Urologie, 2 rue Henri Le Guilloux, 35000, Rennes, France. ., Department of Urology, New York University, New York, NY, USA.