Oral desmopressin in nocturia with benign prostatic hyperplasia: A systematic review of the literature.

To evaluate the effect of oral desmopressin in patients with nocturia associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

With a rise of the use of oral desmopressin in the treatment of nocturia in patients with BPH, a systematic review was performed according to the Cochrane systematic reviews guidelines and in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist.

The literature search yielded 18 studies. The studies were published between 1980 and 2017, and included 3072 patients. Eligible patients were men aged ≥50 years with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and persistent nocturia. There was a significant 43% reduction in nocturia after using desmopressin alone. Combined α-blockers and desmopressin lead to a decrease in the frequency of night voids by 64.3% compared to 44.6% when using α-blockers only. The first sleep period, significantly increased from 82.1 to 160.0 min and from 83.2 to 123.8 min when using desmopressin + α-blocker and α-blocker only, respectively. The desmopressin dose ranged from the lowest dose (0.05 mg) to the optimum dose (0.4 mg) at bed time. The incidence of hyponatraemia associated with desmopressin use was 4.4-5.7%.

Low-dose oral desmopressin therapy alone is an effective treatment for nocturia associated with LUTS in patients with BPH. Oral desmopressin combined with α-blockers is well tolerated and beneficial for improving the International Prostate Symptom Score and nocturnal symptoms. All patients should be educated about the mechanism of desmopressin action to avoid treatment discontinuation due to adverse events.

Arab journal of urology. 2018 Jul 25*** epublish ***

Diaa-Eldin Taha, Omar M Aboumarzouk, Ahmed A Shokeir

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafrelsheikh, Egypt., Greater Glasgow and Clyde NHS Trust, Queen Elizabeth University Hospital, Glasgow, UK., Department of Urology, Urology and Nephrology Center, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

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