OBJECTIVE - To explore the efficacy of levofloxacin, terazosin, and their combination in patients with category III chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS).
METHODS - A total of 115 patients with category III CP/CPPS receiving 6-week therapy were randomly divided into the levofloxacin group (n = 38), terazosin group (n = 38), and combination group (n = 39).
The primary endpoint was the response rate (i. e. , the change from baseline) in the total and domain scores of the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI). Secondary endpoints were expressed as prostatic secretion-white blood cell (EPS-WBC) and International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5).
RESULTS - After 6 weeks, the response rate of NIH-CPSI scores was 45. 1, 22. 4, and 50. 0 % in the levofloxacin group, terazosin group, and combination group, respectively. Furthermore, no significant difference in NIH-CPSI scores was observed between IIIA and IIIB patients in each arm. Levofloxacin alone or levofloxacin plus terazosin could significantly reduce EPS-WBC counts compared with terazosin alone. Finally, no significant difference was found between the three arms in terms of IIEF-5 scores.
CONCLUSIONS - A 6-week short-term treatment of levofloxacin or levofloxacin plus terazosin was more effective than terazosin alone in patients with category III CP/CPPS. Furthermore, levofloxacin treatment was not different from levofloxacin plus terazosin treatment in terms of treatment effect.
International urology and nephrology. 2015 Nov 17 [Epub ahead of print]
Jianxin Wang, Dongliang Yan, Kuixiang Liang, Zhonghua Xu
Department of Urology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, No. 107 Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, 250000, Shandong, China. , Department of Urology, Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Binzhou, 256603, China. , Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Binzhou, 256603, China. , Department of Urology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, No. 107 Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, 250000, Shandong, China.