O'Leary-Sant Symptom Index Predicts the Treatment Outcome for OnabotulinumtoxinA Injections for Refractory Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome

Although intravesical injection of onabotulinumtoxinA (BoNT-A) has been proved promising in treating patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS), what kind of patients that may benefit from this treatment remains unclear. This study investigated the predictors for a successful treatment outcome Patients with IC/BPS who failed conventional treatments were enrolled to receive intravesical injection of 100 U of BoNT-A immediately followed by hydrodistention Variables such as O'Leary-Sant symptom and problem indexes (ICSI and ICPI), pain visual analogue scale (VAS), functional bladder capacity (FBC), voiding diary, and urodynamic parameters were measured at baseline and six months after treatment A global response assessment (GRA) ≥ 2 at six months was defined as successful There were101 patients enrolled Significant improvements were observed in mean ICSI, ICPI, OSS (ICSI + ICPI), pain VAS, FBC, frequency, nocturia and GRA at six months after BoNT-A injections (all p < 0 05) The successful rate at six months was 46/101 (45 54%) Multivariate logistic regression revealed the baseline ICSI (odds ratio = 0 770, 95% confidence interval = 0 601-0 989) was the only predictor for a treatment outcome ICSI ≥ 12 was the most predictive cutoff value for a treatment failure, with a ROC area of 0 70 (sensitivity = 69 1%, specificity = 60 9%)

Toxins 2015 Jul 30*** epublish ***

Yuh-Chen Kuo, Hann-Chorng Kuo

Department of Urology, Yangming Branch of Taipei City Hospital, 105 Yu-Sheng Street, Taipei 11148, Taiwan yuhchens@hotmail com , Department of Urology, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital and Tzu Chi University, 707, Section 3, Chung Yang Road, Hualien 97002, Taiwan hck@tzuchi com tw