STUDY OBJECTIVE: Adult women with endometriosis are often diagnosed with comorbid pain, mood, and autoimmune conditions.
This study aims to describe the occurrence of pain syndromes, mood conditions, and asthma in adolescents and young women with endometriosis evaluated at our medical center.
DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records.
SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at a tertiary referral center.
PARTICIPANTS: 138 adolescents/young women who were less than age 24 years at the time of their initial visit at our medical center, and whose surgical diagnosis of endometriosis was made at our institution or by outside institutions by the age of 21.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of comorbid pain syndromes (defined as interstitial cystitis, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic headaches, chronic low back pain, vulvodynia, fibromyalgia, temporomandibular joint disease, and chronic fatigue syndrome), mood conditions (defined as depression and anxiety), and asthma.
RESULTS: Comorbid pain syndromes were found in 77 (56%) women, mood conditions in 66 (48%) women, and asthma in 31 (26%) women. Comparing endometriosis patients with and without comorbid pain syndromes, no differences were found in age at time of diagnosis, endometriosis symptoms, and endometriosis stage. Patients with comorbid pain syndromes were more likely to report mood conditions (62% vs 30% respectively, P < .001) and smoking (31% vs 10% respectively, P = .003), underwent more surgeries for endometriosis (median of 2 [range, 1-7] vs 1 [range, 1-5], P < .005), and were more likely to undergo appendectomy or cholecystectomy (30% vs 13%, P = .02).
CONCLUSIONS: Comorbid pain syndromes, mood conditions and asthma are common in adolescents and young women with endometriosis.
Smorgick N, Marsh CA, As-Sanie S, Smith YR, Quint EH. Are you the author?
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Reference: J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2013 Mar 15. pii: S1083-3188(13)00002-8.