PURPOSE: We evaluate the efficacy and safety of repeated intratrigonal injections of onabotulinum toxin A in patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single center, long-term, prospective study in which 16 women with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis refractory to standard treatment received 4 consecutive intratrigonal injections of onabotulinum toxin A. Onabotulinum toxin A (100 U) was injected under cystoscopic control in 10 trigonal sites, each receiving 10 U in 1 ml saline. General anesthesia was used in all treatments. Re-treatment was allowed 3 months after injection. Outcome measures included pain visual analog scale (0-10), O'Leary-Sant score, a 3-day voiding chart and a quality of life questionnaire at the first month and every 3 months after each injection. Voiding dysfunction and urinary tract infections were assessed at 2 weeks and every 3 months afterward. Treatment duration was determined when patients requested another injection.
RESULTS: Mean ± SD patient age was 41.8 ± 12.5 years. At baseline pain score was 5.9 ± 1.8, O'Leary-Sant score 28.8 ± 6.3, urinary frequency 16.4 ± 5.3, mean voided volume 112 ± 42 ml and quality of life 5 ± 0.9. Mean decrease in pain score, O'Leary-Sant score, urinary frequency and mean increase in voided volume and quality of life were similar after each treatment. Individual symptom relief lasted 6 to 12 months with an average duration of 9.9 ± 2.4 months. There were no cases of voiding dysfunction. Five patients had noncomplicated urinary tract infections.
CONCLUSIONS: Symptomatic improvement of bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis persists in a repeated intratrigonal injection program of 100 U onabotulinum toxin A. Time to request re-treatment remained stable. Adverse events were mild, without voiding dysfunction requiring intermittent catheterization.
Pinto R, Lopes T, Silva J, Silva C, Dinis P, Cruz F. Are you the author?
Department of Urology, Hospital de São João, Porto, Portugal; Faculty of Medicine of Porto, Porto, Portugal.
Reference: J Urol. 2012 Dec 14. pii: S0022-5347(12)04839-2.