INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS:Intravesical instillation of hyaluronic acid (HA) may restore the integrity of glycosaminoglycan layer in patients with painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis (PBS/IC), and the benefit may be improved with addition of alkalinized lidocaine (AL).
METHODS: 48 women with severe PBS/IC who failed oral medications were enrolled and divided into one trial and two control groups. The trial group received intravesical 40 mg HA, 10 ml of 2 % lidocaine and 5 ml of 8.4 % sodium bicarbonate on a weekly basis for 8 weeks and then monthly for 4 months with a subsequent follow-up of 24 weeks, while the two control groups received 40 mg HA and mixture of 10 ml of 2 % lidocaine and 5 ml of 8.4%sodium bicarbonate respectively following the same procedure. Response to therapy was evaluated by Global Response Assessment, voids per day, Visual Analogue Scale for pain, frequency and urgency, O'leary-Sant Interstitial Cystitis Symptom Index and Problem Index, cystoscopy and bladder capacity.
RESULTS: Overall 45 patients finished this study protocol. The HA + AL group and the AL group showed significant improvement at week 2 (P < 0.01), while the HA group began to show effect at week 4 (P < 0.01). There was no improvement in the AL group at week 24 and these patients quitted the study without follow up. Contrarily, the HA + AL and HA group kept on improving till the end of the study without significant difference between the two groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Intravesical instillation of HA and AL may provide both immediate and sustained relief of symptoms in severe PBS/IC in this preliminary study.
Lv YS, Zhou HL, Mao HP, Gao R, Wang YD, Xue XY. Are you the author?
Department of Urology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, 20 Chazhong Road, Fuzhou, Fujian, People's Republic of China, 350005.
Reference: Int Urogynecol J. 2012 May 11. Epub ahead of print.