Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) has a negative impact on quality of life. We compared health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with IC/BPS with patients having other diseases using the EuroQol five-dimension (EQ-5D) and evaluated whether the HRQoL is improved after surgery.
We compared EQ-5D of patients with Hunner lesion type IC/BPS with patients who had other diseases that cause chronic and severe pain including arthritis and cancer from a cross-sectional analysis of responses to the 2012-2016 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Changes in EQ-5D after transurethral coagulation (TUC) or resection (TUR) were measured in the IC/BPS participants.
Compared to the EQ-5D index of normal population, patients with arthritis, cancer and IC/BPS had - 0.07 (95% CI - 0.07, - 0.06), - 0.01 (95% CI - 0.02, - 0.01), and - 0.21 (95% CI - 0.23, - 0.20) lower scores, respectively. Patients with IC/BPS were 35.9, 9.24, and 9.05 times more likely to have "extreme problem" in pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression, and usual activities EQ-5D domains, respectively, than patients without arthritis/cancer. After TUC or TUR, EQ-5D index was 0.90 in the TUC group and 0.92 in the TUR group.
IC/BPS patients have worse HRQoL than healthy individuals. However, after surgical treatment, HRQoL is restored to a level close to normal.
Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation. 2022 Jul 23 [Epub ahead of print]
Kwang Jin Ko, Jihyun Lim, Jiwoong Yu, Danbee Kang, Juhee Cho, Kyu-Sung Lee
Department of Urology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81 Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06351, Korea., Center for Clinical Epidemiology, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea., Department of Urology, Armed Forces Pocheon Hospital, Pocheon, Republic of Korea., Department of Urology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81 Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06351, Korea. .