In this review, the current literature of imaging of bladder pain syndrome and interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) will be addressed. Topics include BPS/IC, cystoscopy, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance image (MRI).
There are no randomized clinical trials on imaging of BPS/IC. Recently, contrast-enhanced MRI could detect the brain alterations and the changes in bladder permeability, and detection of the latter is enhanced by intravesical injection of contrast agents.
MRI could advance the understanding of pathological changes in the brain and the bladder of BPS/IC patients. Especially, contrast-enhanced MRI has a potential to become a diagnostic tool although more evidences are necessary for clarifying the efficacy.
Current bladder dysfunction reports. 2019 Dec 14 [Epub]
Teruyuki Ogawa, Pradeep Tyagi, Osamu Ishizuka, Tomohiro Ueda, Michael B Chancellor, Christopher J Chermansky, Naoki Yoshimura
Department of Urology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan., Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Suite 700 Kaufmann Medical Building, 3471 Fifth Ave., Pittsburgh, PA, USA., Department of Urology, Ueda Clinic, Kyoto, Japan., Department of Urology, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Royal Oak, MI, USA.