Difference in electron microscopic findings among interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome with distinct clinical and cystoscopic characteristics.

Urothelial dysfunction may be a key pathomechanism underlying interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS). We therefore examined if clinical severity is associated with the extent of urothelial damage as revealed by electron microscopic (EM) analysis of biopsy tissue. One hundred IC/BPS patients were enrolled and 24 patients with stress urinary incontinence served as controls. Clinical symptoms were evaluated by visual analog scale pain score and O'Leary-Sant Symptom score. Bladder biopsies were obtained following cystoscopic hydrodistention. The presence of Hunner's lesions and glomerulation grade after hydrodistention were recorded and patients classified as Hunner-type IC (HIC) or non-Hunner-type IC (NHIC). HIC patients exhibited more severe defects in urothelium cell layers, including greater loss of umbrella cells, umbrella cell surface uroplakin plaque, and tight junctions between adjacent umbrella cells, compared to control and NHIC groups (all p < 0.05). Both NHIC and HIC groups demonstrated more severe lamina propria inflammatory cell infiltration than controls (p = 0.011, p < 0.001, respectively). O'Leary-Sant Symptom scores were significantly higher among patients with more severe urothelial defects (p = 0.030). Thus, urothelium cell layer defects on EM are associated with greater clinical symptom severity.

Scientific reports. 2021 Aug 26*** epublish ***

Yu Khun Lee, Jia-Fong Jhang, Yuan-Hong Jiang, Yung-Hsiang Hsu, Han-Chen Ho, Hann-Chorng Kuo

Department of Urology, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, and Tzu Chi University, Hualien, 970, Taiwan., Department of Pathology, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, and Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan., Department of Anatomy, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan., Department of Urology, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, and Tzu Chi University, Hualien, 970, Taiwan. .

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