Bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis is a prevalent but underserved disease. At the Global Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome Society (GIBS) meeting, the organization and participants were committed to delivering word-class expertise and collaboration in research and patient care. Under the umbrella of GIBS, leading research scholars from different backgrounds and specialties, as well as clinicians, from across the globe interested in the science and art of practice of Bladder Pain Syndrome (BPS)/Interstitial Cystitis (IC) were invited to deliberate on various dimensions of this disease. The meeting aimed to have global guidelines to establish firm directions to practicing clinicians and patients alike on the diagnosis and treatment of this disease entity. Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CPPS) is defined by pain in the pelvic area that can have different etiologies. This can be due to urologic, gynecologic, musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal, neurologic, and autoimmune or rheumatologic diseases. At the GIBS meeting held in Mumbai, India, in August 2019, a multidisciplinary expert panel of international urologists, gynecologists, pain specialists, and dietitians took part in a think tank to discuss the development of evidence-based diagnostic and treatment algorithms for BPS/IC.
The diagnosis of BPS/IC is difficult in daily clinical practice. Patients with BPS/IC present with a variety of signs and symptoms and clinical test results. Hence, they might be misdiagnosed or underdiagnosed, and the correct diagnosis might take a long time. A good history and physical examination, along with cystoscopy, is a must for the diagnosis of IC/BPS. For the treatment, besides lifestyle management and dietary advice, oral medication and bladder instillation therapy, botulinum toxin, and sacral neuromodulation were discussed. The innovation in bladder instillation applicators, as well as battery-free neuromodulation through the tibial nerve, was discussed, as well.
As BPS/IC is complex, for many patients, several treatments are necessary at the same time. This was presented at GIBS 2019 as the piano model. In this way, a combination of treatments is tailored to an individual patient depending on the symptoms, age, and patients' characteristics. In the art of medicine, especially when dealing with BPS/IC patients, pressing the right key at the right time makes the difference.
Anesthesiology and pain medicine. 2020 May 12*** epublish ***
Mohammad Sajjad Rahnama'i, Aida Javan, Navita Vyas, Sandor Lovasz, Neelanjana Singh, Mauro Cervigni, Sanjay Pandey, Jean Jacques Wyndaele, Rajesh Taneja
Urology Department, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen, Germany., Society of Urological Research and Education (SURE), Heerlen, The Netherlands., Pain and Rehab Medicine, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute, Mumbai, India., Rózsakert Medical Center, Budapest, Hungary., PSRI Hospital, Sheikh Sarai, New Delhi, India., Rome, Italy., Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Research institute, Mumbai, India., University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium., Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi, India.