How can we improve the diagnosis and management of bladder pain syndrome? Part 2:ICI-RS 2018.

This paper summarises the discussion in a think tank at the International Consultation on Incontinence-Research Society (ICI-RS) 2018 about the treatment of bladder pain syndrome.

To review the treatments of bladder pain syndrome from behavioural treatments to surgical interventions.

Review the literature in the light of the think tank discussions.

All guidelines recommend different levels of treatment starting with conservative behavioral treatments then introducing oral treatments followed by intravesical instillations. If these treatments fail then more invasive treatments such as botulinum toxin injections, neuromodulation, or surgery could be suggested.

Unfortunately for all treatments, the numbers are limited and, therefore, the evidence base is not strong. Further suggestions for research are suggested.

Neurourology and urodynamics. 2019 Dec [Epub]

Vik Khullar, G Alessandro Digesu, Nikolaus Veit-Rubin, Arun Sahai, Mohammad Sajjad Rahnama'i, Tufan Tarcan, Christopher Chermansky, Roger Dmochowski

Department of Urogynaecology, St Mary's Hospital, Imperial College, London, UK., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria., Department of Urology, Guy's Hospital, MRC Centre for Transplantation, King's College London, London, UK., Urology Department, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany., Department of Urology, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey., Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania., Department of Urologic Surgery, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee.

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