Sexual pain and IC/BPS in women.

Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) and female sexual dysfunction (FSD) are common conditions that substantially reduce women's health. In particular, women with IC/BPS show vulvodynia, a kind of FDS that originates from consistent pain around the vulvar area.

There have been many studies attempting to find the underlying mechanisms that induce the chronic pain associated with IC/BPS and vulvodynia and explain why these two conditions often coexist. Proposed theories suggest that pain hypersensitivity is being mediated by peripheral and central sensitization. However, there are still many unknown factors, such as etiologies, that can evoke pain hypersensitivity and may be linking the casual relationship between IC/BPS and vulvodynia. At present, knowledge regarding IC/BPS and vulvodynia are insufficient when considering their clinical importance. Therefore, efforts are necessary to elucidate the issues surrounding IC/BPS and vulvodynia.

BMC urology. 2019 Jun 06*** epublish ***

Su Jin Kim, Jayoung Kim, Hana Yoon

Department of Urology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea., Departments of Surgery and Biomedical Sciences, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, 90048, USA. ., Department of Urology, Medical Research Center, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. .