Anxiety severity does not influence treatment outcomes in patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome.

Patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) typically experience anxiety mood status, which is closely connected with physical and psychological status and treatment outcome. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of anxiety severity on therapeutic results in IC/BPS patients.

We prospectively enrolled IC/BPS patients who had previously undergone any kind of treatment for their disease. The primary endpoint was a change in Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) scores at 3 months after treatment. Secondary endpoints included changes in the Global Response Assessment (GRA), O'Leary-Sant symptom score (OSS), and Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) at 3 months after treatment. Urodynamic studies were also compared with the clinical symptom scores.

Overall, 85 IC/BPS patients (mean age, 53.1 ± 12.4 years) were included in the study. At 3 months, changes in the GRA were not significantly different among the different anxiety severity groups. At baseline, 55 (64.7%) patients had moderate or severe anxiety. We observed a significant positive correlation between the change in BAI and the change in OSS after treatment and a significantly negative correlation with GRA at 3 months. Moreover, improvements in OSS and NRS were associated with the change in GRA. Changes in IC symptoms, but not physiological outcomes, were associated with improved anxiety status after treatment. In addition, the change in BAI was significantly associated with age, baseline BAI, and changes in OSS and GRA after treatment.

Baseline anxiety severity does not influence treatment outcomes of IC/BPS. Patients should receive active treatment regardless of their baseline anxiety status.

Neurourology and urodynamics. 2019 May 06 [Epub ahead of print]

Wan Ru Yu, Tai Chu Peng, Hui Ling Yeh, Hann-Chorng Kuo

Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Nursing, Hualien, Taiwan., Tzu Chi University College of Medicine, Nursing, Hualien, Taiwan., Department of Urology, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan.

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