Patterns and predictors of Hunner lesion recurrence in patients with interstitial cystitis.

To evaluate the patterns and predictive factors associated with Hunner lesions (HLs) recurrence in patients with interstitial cystitis (IC).

This study was a retrospective analysis of data from patients with IC who underwent transurethral resection and cauterization (TUR-C) of HLs between October 2011 and December 2017. Symptoms were evaluated using the Pelvic Pain and Urgency/Frequency Patient Symptom Scale (PUF), O'Leary-Sant Interstitial Cystitis Symptom Index, and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Patients attended follow-up visits every 3 months; cystoscopy was performed immediately in patients with aggravated symptoms. Recurrence was defined as a VAS score greater than or equal to 4 and HLs recurrence on cystoscopy.

A total of 91 patients were enrolled (25 male, 66 female): median follow-up was 30.6 months. HLs recurrence occurred in 101 sites (53 patients), 21.8% in the previous TUR-C site, 18.8% de novo, and 59.4% at both previous and de novo sites. The recurrence rate was approximately 12.7%, 40%, and 55.2% at 6, 12, and 18 months, respectively. A higher PUF bother score was the only predictive factor of recurrence (odds ratio: 1.142, 95% confidence interval: 1.016-1.284, P = 0.026), with a cut-off value of 7.5 (sensitivity: 67.9%, specificity: 62.5%). In case of late recurrence (>18 months), there was no predictive factor.

The HLs recurrence pattern was unpredictable, involving both previous TUR-C and de novo areas. More accurately defining the HLs resection margin may lead to better surgical outcomes but this remains to be proven.

Neurourology and urodynamics. 2019 Apr 03 [Epub ahead of print]

Ji-Yeon Han, Jung Hyun Shin, Myung-Soo Choo

Department of Urology, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, Korea., Department of Urology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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