To evaluate whether voiding parameters differ in patients with the common overlapping pelvic pain disorders, interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS), and myofascial pelvic pain (MPP).
Uroflow and voiding diary assessed voiding phenotypes in this prospective cohort study (ICEPAC) of women comparing IC/BPS, IC/BPS +MPP, MPP, and healthy control (HC) subjects.
In 36 HC, 24 IC/BPS, 37 IC/BPS + MPP, and 14 MPP subjects, the voiding diary measurements indicate lower voided volumes in IC/BPS and IC/BPS + MPP groups (185 ± 24 mL, 169 ± 20 mL, respectively) compared to HC and MPP groups (294 ± 24 mL, 226 ± 36 mL, respectively; P <.05, P <.05), as well as higher 24-hour voiding frequency (11.6 ± 0.8 and 11 ± 1.2 voids/24 hours, respectively; HC 7.1 ± 0.5 voids/24 hours; P <.05, P <.05; MPP group 9 ± 1.2 voids/24 hours; P <.05, P <.05). Uroflow showed higher HC average flow rate (12.87 ± 0.92) compared to IC/BPS, IC/BPS+MPP, and MPP (8.31 ± 1.20, 8.02 ± 0.80, 8.17 ± 1.38, respectively; P <.01, P <.01, P <.05) and peak flow rate (27.0 ± 1.83) and IC/BPS, IC/BPS+MPP and MPP (16.20 ± 2.2, 17.33 ± 1.64, 17.21 ± 2.69 respectively; P <.01, P <.01, P <.05).
This quantitative evaluation of voiding diary and uroflow metrics reveals distinct voiding phenotypes, which can aid in the diagnosis of chronic pelvic pain syndromes. Patients with IC/BPS had more pain with a full bladder despite similar overall pain scores. Peak and average flow rates do not provide any differentiating power between IC/BPS and MPP patients. A longer time to peak flow may favor MPP though this finding needs confirmation.
Urology. 2019 Jan 22 [Epub ahead of print]
A Petrikovets, I E Veizi, A Hijaz, S T Mahajan, F Daneshgari, C A T Buffington, P McCabe, T Chelimsky
Departments of Urology and Gynecology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH., Department of Pain Medicine, Cleveland VA Medical Center, Cleveland, OH., Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH., University of California, Los Angeles, CA., Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI. Electronic address: .