Non-standard shift work schedules negatively impact the overall health of shift workers, and several studies have shown that shift work, specifically, is detrimental to urogenital health. The aims of this study are to systematically review the literature and determine the effect of shift work on the outcomes of hypogonadism, male infertility, lower urinary tract symptoms, and urogenital cancers.
Recent evidence supports associations between non-standard shift work and an increase in the frequency of prostate cancer and the severity of erectile dysfunction, lower urinary tract symptoms, and hypogonadal symptoms, as well as worsening of semen parameters and fertility. These associations are strengthened by the presence of shift work sleep disorder (SWSD) which affects up to 20% of shift workers. No studies have assessed the impact of shift work on the frequency or severity of nephrolithiasis, interstitial cystitis, pelvic pain, prostatitis, or urinary tract infections. Non-standard shift work has been associated with a variety of negative health outcomes and urologic complications, especially with concurrent shift work sleep disorder. Recognition of these elevated risks among shift workers can aid in more effective screening for urologic conditions.
Current urology reports. 2018 May 28*** epublish ***
Nanfu Deng, Nora M Haney, Taylor P Kohn, Alexander W Pastuszak, Larry I Lipshultz
Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA., Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA., Center for Reproductive Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA., Center for Reproductive Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA. .