Umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells alleviated inflammation and inhibited apoptosis in interstitial cystitis via AKT/mTOR signaling pathway

Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a bladder syndrome characterized by pelvic pain and urinary frequency without infection or other identifiable pathology. There are no effective treatments to cure IC. This study investigated the effects of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) injection on IC rat model. Furthermore, we used a coculture system to find the possible molecular mechanism on the human uroepithelial cells (SV-HUC-1), which was the cell model of IC. A rat model of IC was established via systemic injection with cyclophosphamide (CYP) and a cell model of IC was induced by being exposed to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α (10 ng/ml). After one week, UC-MSCs injection significantly ameliorated the bladder voiding function in IC rat model. And the Histo- and immunohistochemical analyses showed that UC-MSCs can repair impaired bladder, reduce mast cell infiltration and inhibit apoptosis of urothelium. ELISA results showed that UC-MSCs can decrease IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in bladder. In the coculture system, UC-MSCs can promote proliferation of impaired SV-HUC-1 cells, and inhibit apoptosis. However, while knocked down EGF secreted by UC-MSCs with siRNA, the effects would be weaken. Western blot showed that UC-MSCs increase protein expression levels of p-AKT and p-mTOR in SV-HUC-1 cells, and decrease the levels of cleaved caspase-3. Taken together, we provide evidence that UC-MSCs therapy can successfully alleviate IC in a preclinical animal Model and cell model by alleviating inflammation, promoting proliferation and inhibiting apoptosis. In addition, we demonstrate that the AKT/mTOR signaling pathway was activated.

Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2017 Nov 11 [Epub ahead of print]

Juncong Xie, Bolong Liu, Jialiang Chen, Yuancheng Xu, Hailun Zhan, Fei Yang, Wenbiao Li, Xiangfu Zhou

Department of Urology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China., Department of Urology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. Electronic address: .

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