Vesico-vaginal fistulae (VVF) remain the most prevalent genitourinary fistula detrimentally impacting quality of life.
The purpose of this review is to examine relevant literature on management of VVF.
Obstructed labor is the leading cause of VVF in the developing world with most repairs performed via the transvaginal approach. Conversely, the predominate etiology in industrialized nations is iatrogenic injury with an increasing trend towards abdominal repair via a minimally invasive (laparoscopic and robotic) approach. No studies have compared transvaginal repair to minimally invasive transabdominal approaches. Further, an increasing number of authors have developed algorithms to determine optimum surgical approaches and risk factors for persistent incontinence. As surgeons become more facile with laparoscopic and robotic skills, there is a growing trend for minimally invasive surgical management of VVF in developed countries, perhaps widening the disparity gap between developing nations where transvaginal approaches predominate with good success. Further studies are needed to compare transvaginal to minimally invasive transabdominal approaches.
Current urology reports. 2017 Aug [Epub]
Rachel A Moses, E Ann Gormley
Section of Urology, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA., Section of Urology, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA. .