Controversies in the management of vesicovaginal fistula.

Achieving 100% closure and continence rate in the management of vesicovaginal fistulas remains a challenge. There is still debate about several aspects of the care including the following.

Best practice & research. Clinical obstetrics & gynaecology. 2018 Jun 28 [Epub ahead of print]

Michael Breen, Michael Ingber

Centre de Soins des Fistules, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Toamasina, Hospital Be Toamasina, Boite Postale, 501 Toamasina, Madagascar. Electronic address: ., The Center for Specialized Women's Health, Garden State Urology, Atlantic Health System, 3155 State Route 10E, Suite 100, Denville, NJ, 07834, USA. Electronic address: .