Differentiated non-invasive diagnostic procedures allow a discrimination between nocturnal enuresis and behavior-linked urinary incontinence in children with daytime symptoms, which are different entities of a pathological pediatric micturition syndrome. The article describes the diagnostic procedure as well as the therapeutic approach to all forms of micturition disorders in childhood. All behavioral, medical and biofeedback therapeutic methods according to the recently published S2k guidelines from the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (AWMF) on enuresis and non-organic (functional) incontinence in children and adolescents are mentioned and discussed.
Der Urologe. Ausg. A. 2016 Jan 24 [Epub ahead of print]
D Schultz-Lampel, M Goepel, A Reitz, P Braun
Schwarzwald-Baar-Klinikum, Klinikstraße 11, 78054, Villingen-Schwenningen, Deutschland. ., Klinik für Urologie u. Nephrologie, Helios Klinikum Niederberg, Akad. Lehrkrankenhaus, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Velbert, Deutschland., KontinenzZentrum Hirslanden, Zürich, Schweiz., Urologiezentrum Kiel, Kiel, Deutschland.