Intermittent incontinence of urine in a sleeping child who has previously been dry for less than 6 months without any other lower urinary tract symptoms is considered to be primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE).
Although, most children outgrow PMNE with age, the psychological impact on the child warrants parental education and patient motivation and treatment. Motivational therapy, alarm therapy and drug therapy are the mainstay of treatment. Motivational and alarm therapy have better success rates than drug therapy alone. Desmopressin is the commonly used first-line drug and is best for short-term relief. Other drugs such as anti-cholinergics, imipramine and sertraline are used in resistant cases. This review focuses on the assessment and treatment of PMNE.
Paediatrics and international child health. 2016 Feb [Epub]
Shikha Jain, Girish Chandra Bhatt
Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) , Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.