A multi-center study of pediatric uroflowmetry data using patterning software - Abstract

OBJECTIVE:We created software for patterning uroflowmetry (UFM) curves, and validated its utility.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The software patterns a given UFM curve upon four parameters: sex, voided volume, maximal flow rate, and amplitude of fluctuation. Using the software, 6 urologists from 4 institutes assessed 30 test curves. Further, 329 UFM curves obtained from children presenting to 3 institutes for daytime and/or nighttime wetting were assessed. Clinical presentation was divided into 3 groups: group A, daytime incontinence; group B, non-monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis without daytime wetting; and group C, monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis.

RESULTS: Using the software, inter-rater agreement ranged from 0.85 to 1.00 (mean, 0.93 ± 0.04). It could pattern 310 out of 329 clinical curves. In each institute, the tower pattern was prevalent according to severity of daytime symptoms, although not significantly. The merged data showed that the percent tower pattern significantly correlated with presence of daytime symptoms (groups A, B, and C, 29.7%, 27.0%, and 16.3%, respectively; p < 0.05). No correlation with daytime symptoms was noted for fluctuated (staccato and interrupted) and plateau patterns.

CONCLUSION: The software creates a common platform for evaluating pediatric UFM, enabling extraction of common and biased features of different cohorts, and their integration into one single cohort.

Written by:
Kanematsu A, Tanaka S, Johnin K, Kawai S, Nakamura S, Imamura M, Yoshimura K, Higuchi Y, Yamamoto S, Okada Y, Nakai H, Ogawa O. Are you the author?
Department of Urology, Kyoto University, Japan; Department of Urology, Hyogo College of Medicine, 1-1 Mukogawacho, Nishonomiya, Hyogo, Japan.

Reference: J Pediatr Urol. 2011 Dec 22. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2011.12.001

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22196978