Long-term bladder function, fertility and sexual function in patients with posterior urethral valves treated in infancy - Abstract

OBJECTIVE:To address the issue of sexual function and fertility in PUV patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of 47 patients (age > 18 years) treated for PUV in infancy 28 were contactable. They were sent a standard questionnaire requesting details on voiding dysfunction symptoms, and experience of erection, orgasm and ejaculation.

RESULTS: Of the 28, 16 (mean age 24 years) returned the questionnaire. Voiding frequency ranged from 3 to 10 times per day (mean = 5). Two patients had occasional mild diurnal incontinence but none had symptoms of overactivity. Three patients had a weak urinary stream. Renal function was normal in 9, 4 had a glomerular filtration rate < 80 ml/min/1.73 m2, and 3 had undergone renal transplant. Erections and orgasm were experienced by the 15 patients who responded to these questions, with 4 reporting mild or medium erectile dysfunction and 1, on dialysis, reporting slow ejaculation. Post-masturbation samples of semen and urine were collected from 6 patients. One had an alkaline pH, high percentage of immotile sperm and low sperm count. Another had a high concentration of abnormal forms, and seminal fluid was present in the urine of 3 patients.

CONCLUSIONS: In long-term follow-up, 44% of PUV patients develop chronic renal failure or end-stage renal disease, but bladder dysfunction symptoms are infrequent. Sexual function is mostly normal. Total semen counts and motility are compatible with paternity in most patients.

Written by:
López Pereira P, Miguel M, Martínez Urrutia MJ, Moreno JA, Marcos M, Lobato R, Jaureguízar E. Are you the author?
Department of Paediatric Urology, University Hospital "La Paz", Madrid, Spain.

Reference: J Pediatr Urol. 2011 Dec 7. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2011.11.006

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22154080