Department of Paediatric Surgery and Urology, Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland.
To assess the outcomes of nondismembered pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction in a pediatric population of children and adolescents.
Between 2005 and 2009, a total of 129 pyeloplasties were performed at our institution. In all, 34 (24%) renal units underwent primary nondismembered Fenger-type plasty, 22 open (OPEN) and 12 laparoscopic (LAP). Gender distribution, left to right ratio, follow-up period, grade of kidney dilatation and split renal function were similar in both groups. The decision to perform a nondismembered procedure was made by the surgeon intraoperatively. The mean age at surgery was 4.5 years for the OPEN group and 14.2 years for the LAP group. Mean follow-up was 30 months (range 12-70 months).
The overall success rate was 91% (95.5% the OPEN group and 83.5% in the LAP group). Secondary surgery was required for 3 renal units. Other complications included pyelonephritis in 3 patients (2 in OPEN and 1 in LAP), ileus in 1 patient (OPEN), and prolonged postoperative pain in 1 patient (LAP). The mean operation time was significantly shorter for open surgery (95 minutes for OPEN vs 179 minutes for LAP; P < .05). There was no significant difference in the length of the postoperative hospital stay (2.5 days for OPEN vs 3 days for LAP).
Nondismembered pyeloplasty is an effective procedure for curing ureteropelvic junction obstruction in the pediatric population, and can be considered as an option in well selected cases.
Polok M, Chrzan R, Veenboer P, Beyerlein S, Dik P, Klijn A, Kuijper C, de Jong T. Are you the author?
Reference: Urology. 2011 Jun 24. Epub ahead of print.