Division of Urology, Montreal Children's Hospital, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, QC, Canada.
Very limited literature exists on minimally invasive adrenalectomy in children. Retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy (RPA) has the advantage of avoiding intra-abdominal organ retraction, but concerns have been expressed regarding RPA on the right side. Herein, we describe the second reported experience with the anterior approach to RPA in children, which appears to overcome the limitations previously ascribed to right RPA.
Two children, aged 8 and 14-years, presented with incidental right adrenal masses. Both patients were placed in the lateral decubitus position with lumbar hyper-extension. A 5-mm, 3-port approach was used, as demonstrated in the video.
Pathology revealed a 7-cm ganglioneuroma and a 5-cm pheochromocytoma with intact surgical margins. Operative time with these large masses and first experience with this technique was 5 h in the first case and 3.5 h in the second. No intraoperative or postoperative complications were noted, with minimal blood loss and a hospital stay of 36 h in both cases.
The anterior approach to RPA is feasible even in children with a smaller retroperitoneal space and a large adrenal mass. It provides excellent exposure of the adrenal gland and vein, even on the right side.
Eassa W, El-Sherbiny M, Jednak R, Capolicchio JP. Are you the author?
Reference: J Pediatr Urol. 2011 Jan 12. Epub ahead of print.