To review the literature of 5 pediatric urology topics and conduct gender based and forecasting analyses of first and corresponding authors.
A PubMed search was performed for hypospadias, hydronephrosis (HN), vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD), and cryptorchidism (UDT) over three decades from 1990-2019. The 50 most relevant "best match" papers from each decade were extracted by topic. Author gender, specialty and advanced degrees, along with journal and publication variables were collected. Forecasting analyses were conducted through the Holt-Winters method.
Among 750 papers analyzed, 78% of corresponding and 70% of first authors were male. A significant upward trend was observed for female-authored publications in both first and corresponding positions over time (p<0.01). Forecasting analyses predicted a continuing upward trend for female corresponding (55%) and first authors (83%) by 2049. Most studies originated from pediatric urology (59%), followed by pediatric surgery (9%) and endocrinology/genetics (5%). Papers focused in The Journal of Urology (30%) with the majority originating from the US (38%). Most were retrospective (44%) and discussed medical (54%) versus surgical management (20%).
The majority of pediatric urology literature has been generated by male authors. A persistent, rising trend in female authorship across all examined pediatric urology topics was noted. These encouraging findings are projected to continue to increase in the future, suggesting a movement towards equal and fair gender representation in authorship in pediatric urology.
Urology. 2020 Feb 14 [Epub ahead of print]
Mandy Rickard, Jessica H Hannick, Anne-Sophie Blais, Jishen Wang, Joana Dos Santos, Armando J Lorenzo
Division of Urology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: ., Division of Urology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Pediatric Urology, UH Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio, USA., Division of Urology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Urology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada., Division of Urology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Statistical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada., Division of Urology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.