We evaluated the efficacy and safety outcomes of endoscopic intradetrusor botulinum toxin A (BTA) injections for the treatment of children with neuropathic bladder (NB) and non-neuropathic bladder (NNB) with or without detrusor overactivity in a single centre with a retrospective analysis.
For the period 2006-2015, children who received BTA in our hospital were analysed. They were divided into group 1, those with underlying NB and group 2, those without a clear neuropathic cause of symptoms (NNB). Data are given as percentages or medians (interquartile range).
Over the study period, 52 children (28 boys, 54%) received BTA, 28 in group 1 (54%; 17 (61%) boys) and 24 in group 2 (46%; 11 (46%) boys). Age at first injection was 11.8 (9.5-14.4) years. After initial injection, 40 (77%) reported symptomatic improvement, 17 (43%) becoming dry. There was no significant difference in response to initial injection between groups (p = 0.11). Duration of improvement after first injection was 7 (5.8-14) months. Twenty-five (48%) had further injections, of whom 3 (12%) were initial non-responders. Ongoing improvement was reported in 20 (80%), 11 (44%) of whom were dry. There was no significant difference in overall response to injections between groups (p = 0.11). Of the 11 non-responders, none (0/3) improved after subsequent injection and 3 (27%) subsequently underwent major urological surgery. Of the 40 who responded, 2 (5%) underwent major surgery.
BTA injection produced symptomatic improvement in 77% of our study population, with no significant differences in response between NB and NNB groups. In 95% of those who improved, major urinary tract procedures were avoided during the period studied. None of the initial non-responders improved after subsequent BTA injection. BTA injection is effective and reliable in the management of children with NB and NNB refractory to medical therapy.
International urology and nephrology. 2019 Jun 10 [Epub ahead of print]
Riyad Peeraully, Christine Lam, Nikita Mediratta, Ramnik Patel, Alun Williams, Manoj Shenoy, Nia Fraser
Department of Pediatric Urology, Nottingham Children's Hospital, Queens Medical Centre, Derby Road, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK. ., Department of Pediatric Urology, Nottingham Children's Hospital, Queens Medical Centre, Derby Road, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK., Department of Pediatric Urology, Nottingham Children's Hospital, Queens Medical Centre, Derby Road, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK. .