Pediatric renal cystic diseases include a variety of hereditary or non-hereditary conditions. Numerous classifications exist and new data are continuously published. Ultrasound is the primary technique for evaluating kidneys in children: conventional and high-resolution US allows a detailed visualization of renal parenchyma and of number, size and location of the cysts, hence representing the most important diagnostic imaging technique for the first diagnosis and follow-up of these young patients. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to review the spectrum of renal cystic lesions in children from simple, complex or malignant single cysts to the several poly/multicystic kidney diseases.
Journal of ultrasound. 2019 Jan 01 [Epub ahead of print]
Federica Ferro, Norberto Vezzali, Evi Comploj, Elena Pedron, Marco Di Serafino, Francesco Esposito, Piernicola Pelliccia, Eugenio Rossi, Massimo Zeccolini, Gianfranco Vallone
Radiology Department, Comprensorio Sanitario di Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy. ., Radiology Department, Comprensorio Sanitario di Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy., Urology Department, Comprensorio Sanitario di Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy., Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Comprensorio Sanitario di Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy., Ospedale Cardarelli, Naples, Italy., AORN Santobono Pausilipon, Naples, Italy., Pediatric Department, University of Chieti, Chieti, Italy., Radiology Department, Federico II University, Naples, Italy.