Value of Urinary Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Levels on the Assessment of Botulinum Toxin Type A Treatment for Neurogenic Detrusor Overactivity in Children with Myelodysplasia.

Urinary cytokines are proposed to predict urodynamic findings and outcome of intradetrusor botulinum neurotoxin type A injection in children with myelodysplasia. The relationship between urinary brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurogenic and nonneurogenic detrusor overactivity has been shown as well. We prospectively investigated the effect of intradetrusor botulinum neurotoxin type A injection on urine brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels in children with nonneurogenic detrusor overactivity due to myelodysplasia.

Urine samples of 23 children with nonneurogenic detrusor overactivity due to myelodysplasia were collected and analyzed before and 1 and 3 months after intradetrusor botulinum neurotoxin type A injection, and urodynamics were performed before and 6 weeks after injection. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels and urodynamic findings were analyzed and statistical comparisons were done.

Mean ± SD age was 100.0 ± 34.5 months. Ratio of girls to boys was 2.8. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels significantly decreased (p <0.006), and maximum cystometric capacity and maximum detrusor pressure improved significantly following intradetrusor botulinum neurotoxin type A injection compared to preoperatively (p <0.001). No statistical correlations were determined between brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels and urodynamics. Of all analyses only bladder compliance 5 ml/cm H2O or less vs greater than 5 ml/cm H2O at postoperative urodynamics was associated with statistically increased urine brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels, suggesting that increased urine brain-derived neurotrophic factor predicts treatment failure.

The present study does not suggest that urine brain-derived neurotrophic factor is a reliable followup marker in children with nonneurogenic detrusor overactivity due to myelodysplasia. However, this factor may have a role in treatment planning, which needs to be established in future large prospective studies.

The Journal of urology. 2019 Jan [Epub]

Cagri Akin Sekerci, Yiloren Tanidir, Tuncay Toprak, Banu Isbilen Basok, Ferruh Isman, Ferruh Simsek, Cem Akbal, Tufan Tarcan

Division of Pediatric Urology, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey., Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey., Department of Biochemistry, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey., Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Medeniyet University, Istanbul, Turkey.

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