Predictive Factors of Contralateral Operation after Initial Pyeloplasty in Children with Antenatally Detected Bilateral Hydronephrosis Due to Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction

This study was performed to analyze the predictive factors of a contralateral operation after initial pyeloplasty in patients with antenatally detected bilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction.

Patients with prenatally diagnosed bilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction who underwent initial pyeloplasty (aged <12 months at initial pyeloplasty) were offered to participate in the study. Patients were recruited from January 2012 to December 2015. The anteroposterior renal pelvic diameter, parenchymal thickness, and calyceal dilatation were evaluated. Predictive factors of contralateral pyeloplasty after initial unilateral pyeloplasty were also examined.

In total, 82 patients were included in the study (mean age, 2.8 months). Among all patients who underwent initial pyeloplasty, additional contralateral pyeloplasty was required in 11 patients (13.4%). The outcome of contralateral hydronephrosis was assessed as resolution, persistence, or surgery. The median anteroposterior renal pelvic diameter and calyceal dilatation were significantly different among the groups (p < 0.001). Calyceal dilatation of ≥10 mm and a calyceal dilatation/parenchymal thickness ratio of ≥5 strongly suggested the likelihood of a contralateral operation.

In most patients with bilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction, improvement or resolution of contralateral hydronephrosis following initial unilateral pyeloplasty can be expected. Patients with contralateral calyceal dilatation >10 mm and the calyceal dilatation/parenchymal thickness ratio >5 are at higher risk of surgery.

Urologia internationalis. 2018 Mar 08 [Epub ahead of print]

Dapeng Jiang, Zhoutong Chen, Houwei Lin, Maosheng Xu, Hongquan Geng

Department of Urology, Shanghai Children's Medical Center Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China., Department of Pediatric Urology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.