Prostatitis is a common urinary tract syndrome that many doctors find problematic to treat effectively. It is the third most commonly found urinary tract disease in men after prostate cancer and Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH). Prostatitis may account for 25% of all office visits made to the urological clinics complaining about the genital and urinary systems all over the world. In the present study, we classified prostatitis and comprehensively elaborated the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of acute bacterial prostatitis (category I), chronic bacterial prostatitis (category II), chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) (category III), and asymptomatic prostatitis (category IV). In addition, we also tried to get some insights about other types of prostatitis-like fungal, viral and gonococcal prostatitis. The aim of this review is to present the detail current perspective of prostatitis in a single review. To the best of our knowledge currently, there is not a single comprehensive review, which can completely elaborate this important topic in an effective way. Furthermore, this review will provide a solid platform to conduct future studies on different aspects such as risk factors, mechanism of pathogenesis, proper diagnosis, and rational treatment plans for fungal, viral, and gonococcal prostatitis.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie. 2017 Aug 12 [Epub ahead of print]
Farhan Ullah Khan, Awais Ullah Ihsan, Hidayat Ullah Khan, Ruby Jana, Junaid Wazir, Puregmaa Khongorzul, Muhammad Waqar, Xiaohui Zhou
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Basic Medicine and Clinical Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 211198, People's Republic of China., Shifa College of Nursing, Shifa Tameer-e-Millate University, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan., Government Girls Degree College Mandan, Bannu, KPK, 28100, Pakistan., Faculty of Pharmacy, Gomal University, DIKhan, KPK, 29050, Pakistan., Department of Microbiology and Biochemical Pharmacy, School of Life Science, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 211198, People's Republic of China., Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Basic Medicine and Clinical Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 211198, People's Republic of China; Department of Surgery, Nanjing Shuiximen Hospital, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 211198, People's Republic of China; Zhongda Hospital, Affiliated with Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 210017, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: .